Increased Risk of Death for Smokers Diagnoses with Prostate Cancer

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Research published in the June 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association concluded that men diagnosed with prostate cancer who are smokers have a substantial increase risk of overall mortality and prostate cancer mortality and recurrence. The study included over 5,360 men diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1986 and 2006. Among this group, there were 1,630 deaths, 524 (32%) due to prostate cancer and 416 (26%) due to cardiovascular disease, and 878 biochemical recurrences. When compared with those who never smoked, data showed current smokers had an increased risk of prostate cancer death, cardiovascular disease and all causes of death, and an increase risk of biochemical recurrence. A higher number of packs smoked per year was also associated with increased risk of all types of deaths mentioned previously but not recurrence. Men who had quit smoking 10 or more years when compared with current smokers had rates similar to those who never smoked.

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