Type 2 Diabetes Risk May be Reduced by Adequate Levels of Vitamin D

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A new study from Germany to be published in the scientific journal Diabetes Care concluded that the Vitamin D status of individuals is inversely related to type 2 diabetes risk and the association may be partially related to sub-clinical inflammation. Thus, those with a good level of vitamin D have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with lower levels. The researchers used a cohort design in which 416 cases of type 2 diabetes and 1,267 controls without the disease were selected from a population of 7,936 middle-aged people in a population based group in the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA) study. The study evaluated chronic disease especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes by assessing the influence of environmental factors, behavior and genes on human health. Some factors studied iwere lifestyle factors including smoking, diet, and exercise, environmental factors included air pollution and noise, and genetics.
Researchers found a significant inverse association between serum 25-OHD and the incidence of type 2 diabetes after adjusting for diabetes risk factors and season. More research is planned.

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