Does a Vegetarian Diet Reduce the Risk of Death?


a new study published first online by JAMA Internal Medicine concluded that from a sample of over 70,000 Seventh-day Adventists a vegetarian diet was associated with reduced death rates and was more favorable for men than women. Researcher studied all cause and cause-specific mortality in a group of over 73,300 men and women Seventh-day Adventist. The sample was divided into 5 groups nonvegetarian, semi-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian (including seafood),  lacto-ovo-vegetarian (including dairy and egg products) , and vegan (excluding all animal products). During a mean follow up time of about 6 years there were 2,570 deaths with a death rate of six deaths per 1000 person years. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality in all vegetarians combined vs n0n-vegetarians was 0.88, or 12 percent lower. The association was also better for men who had significant reductions in cardiovascular disease mortality and IHD death in vegetarians vs nonvegetarians. In women, there was -no significant reduction in these areas of mortality.  The researchers said ” These results demonstrate an overall association of vegetarian dietary patterns with lower mortality compared with the nonvegetarian dietary pattern. They also demonstrate some associations with lower mortality of the pesco-vegetarian, vegan, and lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets specifically compared with the nonvegetarian diet.”  However, they also found that those in the vegetarian groups tended to be older, more highly educated, more likely to be married, to drink less alcohol, to smoke less, to exercise more, and to be thinner. Tags: , , ,

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