Can Fruit and Vegetables Reduce the Risk of Bladder Cancer in Women?

logo1267406_mdA new study published in the journal Nutrition concluded that a higher consumption of fruits and vegetables lower the risk of invasive bladder cancer for women but not  men. Data was collected from 185,885 subjects who were part of the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) established in 1993 to assess the relationship among dietary, lifestyle, genetic factors, and cancer risk. Data were- collectyed over 12.5 years and 581 invasive bladder cancer cases were diagnosed (152 women and 429 men).

After adjusting for factors related to cancer such as age, the researchers found that women who consumed the most fruit and vegetables had the lowest bladder cancer risk. For example, women who consumed the most yellow-orange vegetables were 52% less likely to have bladder cancer than women wo consumed the least of these vegetables. Women who consumed the highest intake of vitamin A,C and E also had the lowest risk of bladder cancer compared to women who consumed the least amount. Researchers said “Our study supports the fruit and vegetable recommendation for cancer prevention. However, further investigation is needed to understand and explain why the reduced cancer risk with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables was confined to only women.”

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