Posts Tagged ‘marital status’

Does Marriage Increase Lung Cancer Survival?

Friday, September 14th, 2012

A new retrospective study presented at the Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology last Thursday concluded that married patients with locally advanced lung cancer will likely survive longer after treatment than single patients. One hundred sixty eight patients with Stage III non-small cell lung cancer who were treated over a 10 year period  (January 2000 to December 2010) with chemotherapy and radiation were studied.   Results showed that 33 percent of the married patients were still alive after three years compared to 10 percent of the single patients and women fared better than men. Married women had the best three year survival rates (46%) and single men had the worst (3%) whereas single women and married men had the same survival rate, and  white married patients had a better survival rate than married African American patients. The researcher said “Marital status appears to be an independent predictor of survival in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.” “The reason for this is unclear, but our findings suggest the importance of social support in managing and treating our lung cancer patients. Patients may need help with day to day activities, getting to treatment and making sure they receive proper follow-up care.

Breast Cancer Outcomes Influenced by Depression

Wednesday, November 9th, 2011

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Recent research published in Psychology and Health concluded that certain factors such as marital status, having children in the home, income level, and age affect the probability of depression among breast cancer survivors that in turn, affects the likelihood of failure to adhere to the medical regimes causing potential complications. The researcher studied who is more likely to be distressed following a breast cancer diagnosis and when depressive symptoms are most likely to occur during the course of treatment. During the year following treatment single women and women with children in the home were more likely to be depressed and these women may need additional support during this period.
Women of different income levels seemed to have similar levels of increased depression during treatment but these symptoms decreased in women of higher incomes in the year following treatment. Younger cancer survivors had more depression during treatment than older women but reported levels similar to the older women following treatment. The researcher believes that identifying these factors that influence depression in cancer survivors is an important part of the prognosis since this can influence the treatment regime and outcome of the disease.

Cancer Survival More Likely Among Married People

Friday, October 21st, 2011

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Recent research published in BMC Public Health concluded that a never married man is 35% more likely to die from cancer than a man who is married and women in the same situation had a 22% increased risk of dying of cancer.

Researchers examined the changes in cancer survival over the past 40 years (1970 to 2007) and compared these differences with marital status (married, never married, divorced/separated, or widowed).
The number of cancer deaths for 13 common cancers were tracked including breast, prostate, malignant melanoma, colon and lung in more than 44o,ooo Norwegian men and women. During the early part of the study (1970 to 1974) never-married men were 18% more likely to die from cancer than married men. This gap increase in more recent data between 20005 and 2007 in which men who had never married were 35% more likely to die from cancer. The gap also increased from women during the same period from 17% to 22%.
Thus, the study showed that the unmarried have a greater risk of mortality from cancer regardless of age, education, site of tumor, time since diagnosis, and cancer stage and cancer risk increased for both unmarried men and women over the 40 year period. However, there was not much change in cancer rates for those who were widowed or divorced. Cancer death rates in men who were never married seemed to steadily rise over time compared to married men and was much higher in unmarried men over 70.
Reseachers believe differences seen in rates may be related to such factors as better general health,better adherence to to treatment regime and follow-ups, and emotion support received by the spouse.

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