Posts Tagged ‘stroke’

Is Eating Chocolate Daily Good for your Heart Health?

Friday, June 19th, 2015

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A new study published online in the journal Heart concluded that eating up to 100 gm of chocolate daily is associated with lower heart disease and risk of stroke. Specifically eating this amount of chocolate compared to those who ate no chocolate is associated with an 11% lower risk of cardiovascular disease and a 25% lower risk of associated death.  Thus, there does not seem to be evidence for cutting out chocolate to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.

These results were based on analysis of almost 21,000 adults who participated in the study that traced the impact of diet on long term health of 25,000 men and women in England using food frequency and lifestyle questionnaires. Researchers also reviewed published evidence of links between chocolate and cardiovascular disease that involved almost 158,000 people. In the study subjects were monitored almost 12 years on average, during which time 3013 (14%) experienced either an episode of fatal or non-fatal coronary heart disease or stroke. Among subjects about 1 in 5 said they did not eat any chocolate . but among the others daily consumption averaged 7 gm with some eating up to 100 gm. Eating more chocolate was also associated with higher energy intake and a diet containing more fat and carbohydrates and less protein and alcohol.

In addition, to results presented earlier, additional results showed a 9% lower risk of hospital admission or death as a result of coronary heart disease after taking into account dietary factors. Results also showed a 23% lower risk of stroke for those eating chocolate. Analysis of published studies showed similar results. Because this is an observational study, the researchers said no definitive conclusions about cause and effect can be made. However, they say “Cumulative evidence suggests that higher chocolate intake is associated with a lower risk of future cardiovascular events.” They add that since milk chocolate was more often used by the subjects, the health benefits may extend tyo this type of chocolate also.

Calcium Levels in the Coronary Artery of Diabetics increase their Heart Attack Risks

Wednesday, October 5th, 2011

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Research published in the October issue of Diabetes Care concluded that increased levels of calcium buildup in the coronary artery of people with diabetes or metabolic syndrome is a strong predictor of heart attacks and stroke. However, those without this calcium buildup had cardiac heart attack risks similar to those without diabetes and metabolic syndrome. In the study 6,600 people between age 45 and 84 were tested. Of these, about 16% were diabetics (primarily type 2) and another 25 percent had metabolic syndrome. The researchers said “Our study points out that there’s a wide range in risk for cardiovascular consequences seen in persons with metabolic syndrome and diabetes and that screening of coronary calcium by heart scans—and to a lesser extent, carotid arteries by ultrasound—may be helpful in picking out the most vulnerable.”